How Many Types Of Bows Have There Been In History? How To Make A Bow?

How Many Types Of Bows Have There Been In History? How To Make A Bow?

A bow was not the first long-range weapon in history: we got javelin and throwing stones earlier. Bows are also not a kind of superior weapon: if you can throw stones well, it’s still powerful as you use a bow. However, bows are the way to change the features of war, and it was because it gives more new combat options.

History Of Bows And Arrows

In ancient times, the Egyptians and the Chinese both had archers on each chariot, using a shoot-and-run tactic to weaken their enemies. After the age of chariots, the tribes also frequently used this tactic for cavalries: The Mongols almost conquered the entire world with arrows on horseback. In East Asia, horseback archery was the favorite sport of the aristocracy – martial artists.

Infantry can also use bows very effectively. A trick that doesn’t require much space to attack, so we can gather a large number of archers in one place, shooting a rain of arrows that cause heavy damage to any enemies within range. Long arrows with feathers can fly overpasses, overcome obstacles such as walls or troops. For example, the British organized armies that provided mass shootings and got such famous victories as Crecy (1346), Agincourt (1415).

Some Types Are Also Famous In History

Turkey Bows                                                             

In the Ottoman period, the Turkey bow was about 110cm long, the most durable and most precious, and most powerful of all time. In 1910, historical documents reported that a Turkish archer shot 434m. Ancient documents record that Turkish archers shot 300 feet (450 m) on horseback. Even some Sultans (Kings of Turkey) could shoot as far as 500m.

The technique of making bows and arrows of the Turkish people soon became famous. The secret of production was also very complicated, which was kept very carefully by good craftsmen. The king of Turkey often learned from artisans and made a name for himself.

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Mongolian Bows

Mongolian archers often practice with targets from 200m away. The combat range of the Mongolian bow was determined to be 200 – 300 yards (182 – 275m). Mongolia calvaries are initially excellent at horseback riding; They also can shoot multiple targets at once and are worthy of being a master of combat. However, the Mongols used mainly synthetic bows, sometimes equipped a soldier with 2-3 bows and countless arrows.

Japanese Bows

Many documents say that Japanese archers can hit targets 200 meters away, but the archery army of Japan is fragile. When the Mongols went to Japan, they found Japanese archers were typical because of the limited range of bows. As a result, they quickly overpowered the Japanese from longer distances. After the Mongols withdrew, the Japanese continued to use the traditional system, possibly because the Japanese fighting was often heavily armed. 

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Classification Of Bows

Bows and arrows were the most effective ranged weapons before guns appeared. There are many ways to classify bows, for example, based on their structure and mechanism. A bow always has a string at two sides; when shooting, the archer holds the bow with one hand and pulls the bowstring as long as possible. The basic rule is that the farther the bowstring is pulled, the stronger the shot, the further the arrow flies, and the greater the damage.


The bow is the primary type, usually made from a single piece of wood. The farther the wire can be, the longer the bow should be. A bow is as tall as a person’s body allows the shooter to straighten his left hand or right hand to his chin. England is famous for the most effective archery range in medieval Europe. The advantage of longbows is that they are cheap, easy to create. Its weakness is its bulkiness, making it impossible to use on horseback or the battlefield.

Curved Bows

The bow is made of an elastic material, which, when mounted on the two ends of the bow, helps to keep a little more energy in the bow. When being shot, this energy is converted into energy that helps the arrow fly further. With the same range and speed, a curved bow is usually smaller in size. Therefore, these bows are very popular with the peoples transported by the archery system in Asia, especially tribes.

Disadvantages of this bow are that it is more challenging to craft, requires the use of woods, horns of animals, and they need to be glued together. As a result, people have often called this type of bow according to its material: the composite bows.

Compound Bows

A modern bow was invented in the 20th century, used mainly in sports and hunting. Both ends are attached to two pulleys and a rope system to help the shooter use force more efficiently. In addition, the metal bow body can be attached with accessories such as a perfect tactical binoculars, arrow racks to increase the effectiveness of the shot.

How To Make Bows And Arrows

Find The Right Wood

Find a piece of dry (but not brittle, soft, rotten, or cracked) twig or trunk that has good elasticity, such as oak, thatch, teak, mandarin, pecan, yew, stork, areca, rosemary, cypress, strawberry, or animal horn. You should find a piece of old bamboo (over seven years old) to make a bow. Bamboo is perfect because it has enough stiffness, elasticity, and flexibility.

The bow is usually about an arm’s length (1.6 – 1.8 meters), which is about the same as the gunner’s height. People also make complex bows by joining many materials such as bamboo and wood, wood and horn. If dried wood is not available, we may be reluctant to use fresh wood but should avoid it as it does not have the same hardness as dry wood.

Determining The Natural Curve Of The Wooden Bar

Every piece of wood has a natural curve, no matter how heavy or light. As you make the bow, this curve determines where you make its main features. To find this curve, you place one end of your piece of wood on the ground, one hand holding it loosely at the other end. The other hand pressed lightly in the middle of the piece of wood. Then, you push it naturally toward your body, marking that part.

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Identify The Handle And The Central Part Of The Bow

The handle and the central part are essential in the shaping of a bow. To locate the handle, measure 6 cm from the center of the stick to each side. Above is the upper wing, and below is the lower wing.

Shaping The Bow

You use a medium knife to hewn. The handle is thick and rounded. From the handle gradually peeling off, the further away the handle becomes thinner. Check the sides of the bowl regularly to adjust the thickness for the same. The body of the bow, if cut across, has a semicircle shape. If you have hewn it properly, then the two handles are symmetric with each other in both the curve and the diameter.

Engraving The Two Ends Of The Wings To Hold The Bowstring

Use a small knife to cut the holes on the sides around. Remember not to cut into the back of the bow, nor cut too deep to break the bow. Only notch deep enough to hold the bowstring in place. Grating the edges is clever not to break the bowstring.

Choosing A Bowstring

The string is significant because the bow’s power comes from both the bow and the bowstring. Therefore, it is necessary to choose strong strings, especially without elasticity, when shooting does not break. If you’re stuck in the wilderness, it can be hard to find a suitable rope. However, if possible, you should learn how the ethnic people use the phloem of the banyan or the hemp.

Bring those things together to make a bow. But if that’s the case, it won’t give the string the necessary twist. To make the rope stronger and more durable, people stretch the rope and then use “the” leaves (a wild plant that grows a lot in the mountains) or plastic, animal fat to stroke the rope. Swipe several times to let the plastic or fat infiltrate the tongs to turn dark black

Finish Making Bows

You first tie a “double noose” knot on one end of the string, then loop it on one end of the bow and tighten it. Then you put the end of the wing that has been tied to the ground, one hand holding the end of the other wing, the other hand holding the rope. Next, with the support of your knees, bend the bow and tie the string to the other end with a “pull wood” or “one-two-lock” knot. The standard distance of the bow and the bowstring is a fist with a finger. So you have completed the bow part.

Above are some types of bows and instructions to help you make your bows and arrows. Hope you have had more interesting information through the article, do not forget to read the latest articles with us on the website.